Carl Gustav Jung (Carl Jung) is one of the famous Swiss psychiatrists and well known as the founder of analytical psychology (also known as Jungian psychology). Born on 26th July, 1875, Carl Gustav Jung belonged to the family of pastor and became the first modern psychologist to state and explain that the human psyche and explore its in depth. He is one of the few renowned psychologists whose approach towards psychology has constantly influenced the different fields of psychology and counter-cultural movements all across the globe. Carl Jung
Carl was the only son of Johannes Paul Achilles Jung and Emilie Preiswerk living in Kesswil, Switzerland. Carl’s eccentric and depressed mother lived separate from him for several months in the hospital due to unknown physical ailments. At the age of four, the family moved to Basel. Young Carl lived most of his life without his mother due to her psychological disease. His mother’s depressed mood influenced his attitude towards women at young age. Although Carl Jung had least interest in psychology, but his interest developed in this field only after he started studying psychiatric textbook.ItII It appeared very exciting and interesting to him. He instantly realized that this is a field he can make his career. In fact, it was the combination of both biology and spiritual facts, which became the most favorite subject for him.
Career as a Psychologist
In the year 1895, at the University of Basel, Jung studied about medicines. Later, in the year 1900 he worked in a psychiatric hospital of Zurich named Burgholzli. His dissertation titled ‘On the Psychology and Pathology of So-Called Occult Phenomenon’ was published in 1903. After three years, another book named ‘Studies in Word Association’ published. Later he sent an edition of this book to Sigmund Freud, after their friendship started and followed for next six years. In 1912 their friendship broke when Jung published ‘Wandlungen und Symbole der Libido’. This publication unfortunately raised a theoretical variance between Carl and Freud. For the period of First World War, Carl Jung was appointed as a doctor in army and soon he became commandant of an internment camp for British army.
In 1903 Jung married to Emma Rauschenbach and five children, named as Gret, Franz, Marianne, Helene and Agathe. Their married life lasted until Emma’s death in 1955. Jung dedicated his life to his writings and psychological practice. After living truly as one of the great minds of psychology he had to give up his work in 1944 due to a severe heart attack. His career included the professorship of medical psychology at the University of Basel and the titular from 1933 until 1942. He founded the C. G. Jung Institute in Zurich in 1948. He was also honored with doctorates by many important universities all over the world. After serving his life as a famous psychologist he died in the Kusnacht on 6th June, 1961.